Thursday, 25 September 2008

Second Thoughts on the A900

The Alpha A900 was released two weeks ago and turned out much as expected. The build is a step up from the A700, the viewfinder is superb at 100% and x74 magnification, and the effective incorporation of SteadyShot with the 36mm x 24mm sensor has silenced the naysayers. Due to unrepresentative JPEG output, the true image quality of the 24.6MP sensor has been overlooked unfortunately. The forte of the A900 is high resolution at low ISO, something which seems to be forgotten by the (partisan) critics. Suitable development of the RAW files have shown that image quality is comparable with the A700 at the per-pixel level, unsurprising given the similar pixel pitch and presumably similar pixel architecture and readout. Downsizing to a half or a quarter image size seems to be give acceptable results up to ISO3200. There is not doubt it will be an effective photographic tool for its intended use.

However, for my own personal use I shall wait. It is not that the A900 is not good enough, it is that the A700 (which I have) satisfies my needs so well. For single shot performance, 12MP is sufficient for most of my needs. For ultra-high resolution panoramics, stitching several 12MP shots serves me well, though having twice the resolution would halve the number of required shots. I can only hope that Sony will offer a new model which complements the A900, one which would be optimised for lower light. The different features I would ask for are:

  • ~16MP 36mm x 24mm sensor and column-ADC with slow-scan low-noise readout
  • In-built flash for wireless flash control
  • Auto-exposure metering with non-AF lenses
  • Extended exposure bracketing (7 exposures at 1EV steps)

I do not need live-view or video recording but their inclusion would be an added bonus as long as it did not compromise photography. The A900 viewfinder and 5fps would be welcome though. The greatest barrier for me to upgrade to the A900 is the compulsion to get the ZA 16-35mm and ZA 24-70mm lenses to make the most of the high resolution sensor. There only so many organs I can sell :-).

Thursday, 4 September 2008

A900 Quick Comments

Image courtesy of Xitek

The leaks have begun just under a week before the official announcements on the 9th/10 September next week. A leaked ad from National Geographic and a Danish photography magazine have confirmed the name as Alpha 900. Other salient details include:

  • 24.6MP CMOS EXMOR sensor (as announced earlier in the year)
  • Dual BIONZ processor
  • Intelligent Preview
  • 100% Viewfinder 0.74x
  • 3 inch, VGA Hybrid LCD (Same as the A700 presumably)
  • 9-point Centre Dual-Cross AF (with f2.8 sensor and 10-point wide-area assist)
  • 5 fps
  • SteadyShot Inside

It's pretty much what was expected. I may make a few speculations and comments as on some of the details.

As the previously announced 24.6MP 36mm x 24mm sensor was specified with a 6.3fps (12 bit) maximum frame rate, the 5 fps seems reasonable. I hope, though don't expect, that a low-noise, "slow-scan" mode could be employed which lowered the frame-rate but reduced read-noise by operating the ADCs closer to their optimal corner frequency. Unless the dynamic range of the sensor can exceed 12 bits, I do not see a compelling reason to use more than a 12 bit RAW bit depth.

The data throughput of the A900 is twice that of the A700, ganging up two BIONZ processors is a simple way of handling this. It will be interesting what processing Sony decides to implement, especially after the "cooked RAW" issue.

Intelligent Preview could indicate an off-the-main-sensor live view, with Live View being reserved for the fast-AF style of live view as in the A350 and A300. Intelligent Preview could possibly be a way of differentiating (delineating) this type of pre-capture composing. It is presumably not suitable for quickly moving subjects and more suitable for posed, macro and landscape style photography.

The viewfinder coverage and magnification is quite good. In comparison, the Dynax 9 film camera had a 100% 0.73x viewfinder.

The rear LCD seems to share the same specifications as the one in the A700. I suspect that it may be hinged similarly to the A300/350 as a photo of a prototype spotted in Canada could have shown such a feature (unfortunately the photo was not clear enough to positively identify this).

The AF set-up is not entirely clear but it could be interpreted as meaning having 9 dual-cross sensors, of which the central one is f/2.8, and a further 10 (line) sensors to assist wide-field AF tracking. I speculate that the 9 dual cross (x and + type) sensors cover the central rectangle of the frame corresponding to an APS-C sensor. A further 10 sensors would lie outside this region to help with peripheral subjects. Having the 9 most sensitive AF sensors in covering the central region would be ideal for use with a 10/12MP "crop-mode", either with use with DT lenses or in order to boost frame-rates (though I doubt the latter as this would mainly be constrained by the mirror/shutter assembly, though some sort of electronic shuttering in Intelligent Preview mode could be possible). It is ambiguous at this stage whether the f/2.8 sensitivity is only for the single centre dual-cross sensor or extends to all 9 dual-cross central sensors. Edit 1: Possibly, in keeping with how the A700 AF system is described, only the centre AF sensor is dual cross, the other 8 main AF sensors could be line or single cross sensors. The 10 additional wide-field sensors may not be user selectable. Edit 2: Dual-cross probably doesn't mean + and x, but two crosses side by side as on the A700.

"SteadyShot Inside", as opposed to SuperSteadyShot, is an intriguing change of terminology. I suspect that it is merely a marketing rebranding of SuperSteadyShot to eliminate the "Super" as it may not fit in with the image of cameras at the high end of the market. Time will tell whether the effectiveness of the image stabilisation on the A900 is comparable to the systems employed on the APS-C sensor cameras.

Of course, we have no reliable indication as to the pricing position of the camera, especially in comparison to the Nikon D700. It is expected that Sony will announce several new lenses to complement the existing range, especially the ZA 24-70mm/2.8 SSM. A ZA 16-35mm/2.8 SSM is strongly rumoured to be among these. A replacement for the 70-200mm/2.8 G SSM is an outside possibility. Telephoto lenses may also be announced, especially as the 300mm/2.8 G SSM is the longest (non-mirror) prime lens in the Sony line-up.

It will be interesting how the A900 will be received, not by the minority of online forum posters, but by the general photographic community. The A900 could serve as a "halo" product, much as the existence of the ~US$8000 Canon 1DsIII has for Canon. Its importance could extend to much beyond its immediate sales but as a symbol of Sony's commitment to the Alpha system. I will eagerly awaiting the first user reports in the hands of real photographers. For most, the A900 is not appropriate for their style of shooting but for those who can make the most of the resolution (with nice glass), it looks at this point to be a very promising tool.

Wednesday, 16 April 2008


I just came back from a trip to Moscow, it's an amazing place full of photographic opprtunities as well a rewarding cultural experience. Luckily I had a Russian-speaking Ukrainian friend along who managed to keep me out of trouble, even as I was wondering around disreputable areas clutching my tripod and looking very much the tourist.

Red Square and the Kremlin are definite must-see sites. Red Square at night is lit up beautifully. The city is a street photographer's dream, with many interesting characters. Ironically, photographic hysteria seems to be absent, I was not stopped once and questioned by police, something which is unfortunately becoming increasingly likely in the UK (a supposedly free and open society). Russia has as great a terrorist threat as the UK and has a totalitarian legacy to boot yet photography is tolerated to a much greater degree and photographers are not instantly branded as terrorists to be feared and hounded.

Moscow, and Russia in general, is not an easy place to visit compared to Western Europe but is well worth the effort. They have a long and proud history which is being restored since the fall of Communism and the place is full of an optimism for the future (despite their problems) balanced with their rich past.


  • Moscow is a dusty city. Bring a blower, lens cloth and brush to clean your equipment. Check your sensor for dust spots regularly.

  • Go in a group. Like any large city, Moscow has its fair share of petty crime to contend with. When photographing, it is advisable to have a spotter alert to other people in your immediate vicinity and to keep an eye on your equipment at all times.

  • Tourist areas are generally safe, however on the underground (Metro) and less tourist friendly areas, it is best to be discrete and keep equipment out of sight. It is a legal requirement for visitors to carry their passports at all time, photocopies are not acceptable. Hence, you need to securely carry your valuables.

  • Be aware of photography restrictions. The Kremlin has strict security, no large bags are allowed within the walls (there is a bag check for you to deposit items). Lenses with a diameter of more than 70mm are not allowed, nor are tripods. In some churches, photography is prohibited. Otherwise, photography seems to be tolerated to a greater degree than in the UK. I was happily wandering all over Red Square with a tripod, A700 and panohead with not a glance from the numerous police patrolling the area.

  • English is not commonly spoken. Having a Russian speaker is invaluable, though you may be able to get by with a phrase book and lots of hand gestures. Take the time to become familiar with the Cyrillic alphabet since most signs are written in the local script. An up-to-date guidebook is a must as Moscow is a rapidly changing city.

General Travel Tips:

  • Have a photo-storage plan. Even on a comparatively short trip of one week, I kept over 1500 cRAW photos totalling nearly 20GB. Every night I would download photos to my laptop, and would burn a DVD every 4GB. I would not delete a memory card until I had a copy on the laptop and on DVD. I gave the DVDs to another person to carry them out of the country separately.

  • Consider bringing along laptop to review your photos every day, as well as to check for dust spots and log into wireless internet to check email. The smaller the laptop, the better. I use a Fujitsu-Siemens P1510 tablet PC which weighs 1.1kg with the extended battery which lasts 5-6 hours and which is slightly bigger than an A5 piece of paper. An external DVD burner can be left at your accommodation.

  • Bring along an electrical adapter, multi-plug adapter, and a sufficient number of power cords. Have at least one spare battery which is recharged at every available opportunity. Bring along lots of spare memory cards, consider getting large capacity cards which will minimise card changing. I have an emergency 4GB memory stick pro duo in my A700, as well as several 4GB Sandisk Extreme II/IV CF cards. I also have a few 1GB Lexar cards as backup. Faster cards allow faster review and deletion of missed shots.

  • Insure your equipment. Have some peace of mind will allow you the freedom to take out your equipment and take photos. Make sure your policy covers your trip and read the fine print.

  • Travel light. After a few hours, your shoulders and back will protest against any extraneous piece of equipment in your bag. Bring the minimum of lenses to cover the photography you want to do. I travel with three lenses, the Tamron 17-50mm/2.8 zoom as a general walk-about lens, the Minolta 100mm/2 for detail and portrait shots, and the Peleng 8mm fisheye lens for taking spherical panoramics. A tripod is a must, especially for night shots of landmarks, group shots and in low light. Be prepared to invest in a good tripod, the better ones are made of carbon fibre which is light and strong. Unless you are using long heavy lenses, a small 4 or 5-section leg tripod will be adequately stable, fit into your luggage more conveniently, but still provide reasonable height. Reverse the centre column for greater compactness. A Nodal Ninja 3 panohead completes my equipment list.